Kodi mungasankhe bwanji chigoba cha coronavirus?

Kodi mukudziwa mtundu wa maski omwe muyenera kugula kwa coronavirus
Masks azachipatala, masisitere othandizira azachipatala, masks opangira opaleshoni yamankhwala, masks oteteza kuchipatala, N95, KN95, 3M, etc. Ponena za mayina, anthu adadodometsedwa ndikusokoneza.
Mitundu yodziwika bwino ya maski itha kugawidwa m'magulu 6 molingana ndi magwiritsidwe
Masks opangira opaleshoni yamankhwala, masks oteteza kuchipatala, N95, FFP2 ingagwiritsidwe ntchito kuteteza mabungwe azachipatala, KN95 singagwiritsidwe ntchito mabungwe azachipatala, koma anthu wamba amatha kusankha.
Kodi mungasankhe bwanji masks osiyanasiyana? Lero, ndikudziwitsani kwa inu, ndikuloleni musankhe mwachangu chigoba chomwe chikukuyenererani.

Masks a 1.Medical / masks othandizira azachipatala
Masks azachipatala ndi masisitere othandizira azachipatala ali pamiyeso yamtundu, YY0969, ndipo amapangidwa kwambiri ndipo amapangidwa ndi mabizinesi. Zomwe zimapangidwira nthawi zambiri ndizopanda nsalu komanso pepala la fyuluta.
Masks oterewa sangatsimikizire kutayikira kwa tizilombo tating'onoting'ono tating'onoting'ono ndi fumbi, sitingathe kuthana ndi kusefukira kwa tinthu komanso mabakiteriya, ndipo sitingalepheretse matenda obwera chifukwa cha kupuma.
Maski amtunduwu ali ndi malire pamlingo wina wotchinga ma fumbi kapena ma erosos. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito nthawi zonse ngati chisamaliro kuchipatala, ndipo zoteteza sizothandiza kwambiri.

Masks opangira opereshoni
Masks opangira opaleshoni yamankhwala ayenera kupangidwa mogwirizana ndi muyezo wa chipatala YY0469-2011. Ngati mulingo wabizinesi wokhazikitsidwa ndi bizinesiyo ukukwanira kapena kupitilira zofunikira za YY0469, utha kusindikizidwa ndikusindikiza kwakunja kwa chigoba.
Chigoba chopangira opaleshoni chimagawika m'magulu atatu: wosanjikiza wamadzi wamkati, pakati wosanjikiza, ndi wosanjikiza madzi kunja. Zosefera zake pazinthu zopanda mafuta zimayenera kukhala zopitilira 30%, ndipo malo ake ojambula pamabakiteriya ayenera kukhala pamwamba pa 95 (non-N95).
Ndizoyenera kutetezedwa koyambirira kwa ogwira ntchito kuchipatala kapena ogwira nawo ntchito, zitha kupewa kufalikira kwa magazi, madzi amthupi ndi ma splashes, ndipo imagwira ntchito zina zoteteza kupuma. Masks opangira opaleshoni yamankhwala amatha kutseka mabakiteriya ambiri ndi ma virus ndikuchepetsa chiopsezo cha matenda opatsirana kuchipatala.
Amagwiritsidwa ntchito makamaka m'malo azachipatala omwe amafunidwa kwambiri monga zipatala zamankhwala, malo ogwirira ntchito ndi zipinda zogwiritsira ntchito, zomwe zimakhala ndi chitetezo chachikulu komanso kukana kwamphamvu mabakiteriya ndi mavairasi. Chimagwiritsidwa ntchito popewa kufalikira kwa fuluwenza ndi matenda opuma.

3.KN chigoba
Masks a KN amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri kuteteza tinthu tating'onoting'ono ta mafuta. Malinga ndi zofunikira za muyezo wa GB2626, kusefedwa kwa zinthu zopanda mafuta kumagawidwa. Mwa iwo, KN90 ndi yoposa 90% ya zinthu zopanda mafuta zochulukirapo kuposa ma botoni 0,075, KN95 ndiyoposa 95% ya zinthu zopanda mafuta koma pamwamba pamaikolofoni 0,075, ndipo KN100 imaposa 99.97% yazinthu zosapanga mafuta pamwamba pa 0.075 maikolofoni.
Zofunikira za masks amtundu wa KN pazinthu zosefera ndizoti zida zomwe zimalumikizana mwachindunji ndi nkhope sizowopsa pakhungu ndipo zinthu zosefera sizili zovulaza thupi lathu. Zipangizo zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito ziyenera kukhala ndi mphamvu zokwanira ndipo siziyenera kupunduka kapena kuwonongeka pa nthawi yantchito wamba.
Masks omwewo monga KN, ndi mndandanda wa KP, KP ndi chiyani?
KN ndi ya tinthu tating'onoting'ono ta mafuta, ndipo KP ndi chigoba cha mafuta. KP90 / 95/100 ndi chimodzimodzi ndi KN90 / 95/100 ku KN.
Masks a KN ndi KP ndi oyenera makamaka pazakudya zamafuta komanso zopanda mafuta monga fumbi, utsi, chifunga ndi zinthu zina zomwe zimapangidwa ndi zinthu zopanda chitsulo zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito, zitsulo, chitsulo ndi chitsulo, kuphika, mankhwala achilengedwe, mpweya, zomangamanga, ndi zokongoletsera . (Dziwani: itinso amatchedwa chigoba cha fumbi)

4.Masiki oteteza
Mulingo wachitetezo chachipatala ku China ndi GB19083-2010. Palibe mawu a N95 muyezo uwu, koma gulu la 1, 2, ndi 3 limagwiritsidwa ntchito posonyeza kuchuluka kwa kusefa bwino.
Level 1 ikhoza kukwaniritsa zofunikira za N95. Mwanjira ina, malinga ngati chigoba chilichonse chodzitetezera kuchipatala chomwe chimakwaniritsa muyezo wa GB19083, chitha kufikira kusefukira kwa N95 ndi KN95.
Kusiyana pakati pa masks oteteza kuchipatala ndi KN95 ndikuti masks oteteza kuchipatala amakhalanso ndi "kupangira magazi" komanso "chinyezi chonyowa" pazofunikira. Mphamvu yoteteza maski oteteza kuchipatala pamagazi, madzi amthupi ndi zakumwa zina zidafotokozedwa, koma mitundu iyi ya KN ilibe.
Chifukwa chake, masks a KN-mtundu omwe amafanana ndi GB2626 sangathe kugwiritsidwa ntchito kuchitira zachipatala, makamaka ntchito zowopsa kwambiri monga tracheotomy ndi tracheal intubation yomwe imatha kugawanika.
Masks opangira opaleshoni zipatala onse ayenera kukwaniritsa mulingo 1 ndi pamwamba pa GB19083. Imatha kukwaniritsa 95% kusefedwa, ndipo imatha kupewa kulowa m'madzi.
Atanena izi, anthu ambiri adzafunsanso, N95 ndi chiyani?
Mitundu ingapo ya masks omwe adayambitsidwa pamwambapa, masks azachipatala ndi masks opangira opaleshoni amatsatira miyezo ya zamankhwala, masks oteteza kuchipatala ndi mitundu ya KN amatsatira miyezo yamayiko, ndipo N95 imatsatira miyezo ya US.

Maski 5.N95
Maski a N95 amatsatira American NIOSH42CFR84-1995 standard (NIOSH National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health). N ikuwonetsa kukana kwamafuta ndipo 95 ikuwonetsa kukhudzana ndi nambala yapadera yamagawo apadera oyesa. Tizilombo tambiri tomwe timasungunuka timaposa 95% kutsika kuposa tinthu timene tili kunja kwa chigoba. 95 siwapakati, ndi ochepera.
Kusanja kwake ndi kwa tinthu tating'onoting'ono tokhala mafuta, fumbi, asidi, michere, ndi zina zotere. Kuteteza kwake ntchito ndikuteteza matenda opatsirana ndi mpweya oyendetsedwa ndi ogwira ntchito kuchipatala ndi antchito okhudzana ndi izi, komanso kupewa kufalikira kwa magazi, madzi amthupi ndi splashes munthawi ya njirayi.
NIOSH yotsimikizira maseke ena odana ndi anti-cellature imaphatikizanso: N95, N99, N100, R95, R99, R100, P95, P99, P100, mitundu yonse 9.
Chidziwitso: N - yosagwira mafuta, R-zosagwira mafuta, P - mafuta.
Zofunikira paukadaulo ndi njira zoyesera zamagawo awiri a masks a KN95 ndi masks a N95 ali ofanana kwenikweni, koma ali a madziko osiyanasiyana.
N95 imatsata muyezo waku America, pomwe FFP2 imatsatira European.

6.FFP2 maski
Masks a FFP2 ndi amodzi mwa miyeso ya ku Europe ya masks EN149: 2001. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati adsorb ma oerosols, kuphatikizapo fumbi, utsi, m'malovu, mpweya wapoizoni ndi mpweya woyipa, kudzera mu zosefera, kuziletsa kuti anthu asamapatsidwe mankhwala.
Pakati pawo, FFP1: Zosefera zotsika kwambiri> 80%, FFP2: Zotsika zotsika kwambiri> 94%, FFP3: Zosefera zotsika kwambiri> 97%. Ngati mungagwiritse ntchito izi posankha chigoba choyenera pamwambowu, ochepa ndi FFP2.
Zinthu zosefera za chigoba cha FFP2 zimagawika m'magulu anayi, ndiye kuti, zigawo ziwiri za nsalu yopanda ulusi + wosanjikiza umodzi wa nsalu yopaka ya sola + wosanjikiza umodzi wa thonje losokedwa.
Maski oteteza FFP2 amatha kuteteza ma virus ndi mabakiteriya abwino kwambiri, okhala ndi kusefukira kopitilira 94%, omwe ali oyenera kwambiri m'malo otentha komanso achinyezi kapena oteteza kwakanthawi.

Funso lomaliza, kodi chigoba cha 3M ndi chiani?
"Masks a 3M" amatanthauza zinthu zonse 3M zomwe zimatchedwa masks. Zitha kugawidwa m'magulu atatu: masks azachipatala, masks oteteza, komanso masks ofunda. Mtundu uliwonse wa maski uli ndi njira ina yoteteza.
Masks oteteza azachipatala a 3M amapangidwa ku China ndikupititsa kunja. Ali ndi mphamvu zoteteza masks opangira opaleshoni yamankhwala ndipo amapanga masks oteteza. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito kuzipatala ndipo amatha kusefa mu mlengalenga ndikutseka ma droplets, magazi, madzi amthupi ndi makungu.
Pakati pa masks a 3M, omwe akuyamba ndi 90, 93, 95, ndi 99 masks othandiza kwambiri kuteteza motsutsana ndi tinthu tating'onoting'ono. Onse a 8210 ndi 8118 amakwaniritsa zofunikira zachitetezo cha PM2.5 ku China. Ngati mukufuna kusankha kukumana ndi chitetezo cha chimfine cha World Health Organisation, sankhani 9010, 8210, 8110s, 8210v, 9322, 9332.

Kuwona izi, kodi mukudziwa momwe mungasankhire chigoba panthawi ya mliri?
1, imatha kusankha masks opangira opaleshoni yamankhwala, yesani kusankha masks opangira opaleshoni.
2, ikhoza kusankha chigoba popanda valavu yopumira, yesani kusankha chigoba chopanda mpweya.
World nkhondo! China nkhondo


Nthawi yoyambira: Jun-28-2020